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Both gestational weight gain and energy intake have been positively associated
with foetal growth, particularly in undernourished women. It is, however, important
to assess further which interventions that raise birth-weight also increase
survival and improve function.
Key messages
􀃎 There is epidemiological evidence of an association between maternal nutritional
status, both during and prior to pregnancy (pre-pregnancy weight and
weight gain during pregnancy), and birth weight and intrauterine growth retardation.
􀃎 Dietary advice is unlikely to yield any major benefits for either the infant or
the mother.
􀃎 The limited available evidence suggests that protein/energy restriction of
pregnant women, who are overweight, is not beneficial.
􀃎 Little information on the direct effects of maternal nutrition on foetal and
infant survival is available.

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